The ASIN function returns the angle, expressed in radians, whose sine is X (i.e., the arc-sine).
For real input, the range of ASIN is between -p/2 and p/2.
For input of a complex number, Z = X + iY, the complex arcsine is given by,
asin(Z) = asin(B) + i alog(A + sqrt(A2 - 1)) if Y >= 0
asin(Z) = asin(B) - i alog(A + sqrt(A2 - 1)) if Y < 0
A = 0.5 sqrt((X + 1)2 + Y2) + 0.5 sqrt((X - 1)2 + Y2)
B = 0.5 sqrt((X + 1)2 + Y2) - 0.5 sqrt((X - 1)2 + Y2)
The separation of the two formulas at Y = 0 takes into account the branch-cut discontinuity along the real axis from -¥ to -1 and +1 to +¥, and ensures that sin(asin(Z)) is equal to Z. For reference, see formulas 4.4.37-39 in Abramowitz, M. and Stegun, I.A., 1964: Handbook of Mathematical Functions (Washington: National Bureau of Standards).
Result = ASIN(X)
Returns the angle, expressed in radians, whose sine is X (i.e., the arc-sine).
The sine of the desired angle. For real input, X should be in the range -1 to +1. If X is double-precision floating or complex, the result is of the same type. All other types are converted to single-precision floating-point and yield floating-point results. If X is an array, the result has the same structure, with each element containing the arcsine of the corresponding element of X.
This routine is written to make use of IDL's thread pool, which can increase execution speed on systems with multiple CPUs. The values stored in the
Find the angle whose sine is 0.707 and print the result in degrees by entering:
PRINT, 180/!PI*ASIN(0.707) IDL prints: 44.9913
Find the complex arcsine of 2 + i and print the result by entering:
PRINT, ASIN(COMPLEX(2,1)) IDL prints: ( 1.06344, 1.46935)
See the ATAN function for an example of visualizing the complex arcsine.
ACOS, COS, COSH, SIN, SINH, ATAN, TAN, TANH